Sunday, 01 January 2012 00:00


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All of us know that some bronzes may have a round seal / stamp into them, what those stamps are about?


  • Q: What does the Cyrillic abbreviations mean?
  • A: From Finance Ministry for 10 years (starting from the year in the middle);


  • Q: What does it mean if the seal is not there?
  • A: It means that the right to cast the sculpture for the next 10 years hasn't been sold by the artist to the foundry;


  • Q: Must all seals look exactly identical?
  • A: No, looks like the seals have been hand-inscribed on a wax model. There are dozens slightly different seals known;


  • Q: Why some of such seals may have < Л.Ш. > instead of a year date?
  • A: This remains uncertain to me. Logically, if the year is not there, it should be taken as the model was sold to the foundry for ever, without any time limits.


So, the round impressed seals to the bases of the Russian bronzes indicate that the artist has sold the right to exclusively cast his sculpture in bronze to a certain foundry for 10 years starting from the year we can see in the middle of the seal. That also means, that a bronze bearing a seal with Y 1875 in it, was not necessarily produced in 1875, but could be made in any year within the 1875-1885 time frame.

It is not a copyright mark in sense of declaring the authorship of an artist. Those days the world was much smaller...there was no much of a need to reserve your right...

The fact that a bronze may not have such a seal in it, does not mean it is not original, or any kind of defective in terms of value and authenticity.

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  • Comment Link Дмитрий К. Wednesday, 22 February 2012 15:13 posted by Дмитрий К.

    Да, раньше 1870 я тоже не встречал на практике. А последний год я видел 1881 на Верфелевской бронзе Грачева.

  • Comment Link Administrator Wednesday, 22 February 2012 14:33 posted by Administrator

    Скорее всего, с 1870-го года. Кто-либо видел штамп с более ранним годом? Вероятно, сама необходимость появилась с начала конкуренции между заводами за работы скульпторов - Шопен и Верфель за Лансере и Грачева, прежде всего.

  • Comment Link Андрей Tuesday, 14 February 2012 17:33 posted by Андрей

    Любопытно...а когда они начали применяться?

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